Since the dawn of humanity, man has felt the need to bind the cloth around the neck, so much so that even the ancient Egyptians, for example, a strip of cloth tied with the knot of Isis around the neck of the deceased as a sign of protection.
The forerunner of the tie was a mere strip of cloth. The first to wear it, for reasons of hygiene and climate were the Roman legionaries, who settled in the regions of Northern Europe. A strip of tissue, called the focal length, wrapped around the neck with the knot, leaving the two ends dangle on the chest, with the task of repairing the cold.
Originally worn by soldiers for this purpose, following the tie appears to France with ornamental function. The French take this “handkerchief”, mutuandolo by Croatian mercenaries, who had worn during the Thirty Years War (1618-1648). It consisted of a white linen scarf or red, the kravatska (from the Slavic krvat: Croatian), which was part of the uniform of the Croatian militias, the pay of Louis XIV (pictured left). It was a romantic: it was a gift from the wives, girlfriends and lovers to the soldiers who went off to war in distant lands. Tied around his neck, he was witness to bond and their loyalty to the woman he loves.
During the first half of the seventeenth century Croatian soldiers get great success in the wars and the Croatian cavalry became famous throughout Europe, with its distinctive accessory, which therefore becomes a symbol of culture and elegance even among the bourgeoisie.
However, it fascinates first king and courtiers irreparably. In 1661 Louis XIV in fact establishing the office of “cut throat” of the king, a gentleman who has the task of helping the king arrange and tie a necktie. Subsequently, the Duchess of La Valliere, favorite of the king, is kidnapped by this fashion, thus becoming the first woman to wear a tie.
People compete in boldness and elegance, adding lace and silk ribbons. The fashion of the tie is spreading throughout Europe. Worn by rich and dandy, the tie has crossed centuries and continents, taking on new forms.
Charles II Stuart (pictured right, 1630-1685) in England, the latter habit matter of fashion, which really takes a few years to conquer all of Europe and most of the colonies on the American continent, establishing itself as an accessory also necessary and indispensable.
Become an integral part of the costume collective, Oscar Wilde (left, 1854-1900), among others, in one of his most famous works, “The Importance of Being Earnest” he had mentioned, writing a sentence remained historical “a well-tied tie is the first serious step in life “, which is certainly humorous but full of meaning. In fact, it was only a matter of mere custom and etiquette, but also cultural, educational.
In the second half of the 19th century, as a result of changes introduced by the industrial revolution also in the textile industry, makes its appearance a tie more functional, longer and narrower. Christened “tie a sailor”, this accessory makes history and still today remains the starting point from which has sprung the modern necktie.
It’s in 1926 that a New York tie, Jesse Langsdorf, has the bright idea to cut the necktie fabric diagonally and in three separate pieces, which later would seek to reconcile with the seams. Was just born the modern tie, identical to the one we know, and that compared to ancestors appeared long, more supple and stable, meaning they turned not.
Today, the school Nepalese women, businessmen in Manhattan, hundreds of millions of people wear ties in every part of the world. The Tie expresses the personality and mood of the wearer and is very important tool in social relationships and in the workplace, as well as pure means of adornment and voluptuousness.