The tie is an accessory western attire symbolizes masculine elegance. It consists of a strip of fabric that is tied around the collar of his shirt, leaving the longer end down on the chest.
Generally the length is around 150 cm, but are not uncommon ties called “XL” also 165 cm long. This length is closely related to two main factors: the height of the person who wears it and the type of node used. The first affects enough on the length of the tie, as for men with a height of 190 cm or higher is recommended a tie “XL”, so that after it is knotted arrivals at about the level of the trousers. The second factor affects even more, because a node with multiple steps with respect to a simpler, “engage” the most part of the tie in the node, making the shorter end.
The word comes from the French cravat, derived in turn from the Croat hrvat, which means precisely “Croatian”. In fact, the Croatian knights hired by Louis XIV wore a scarf around his neck. Originally it was called as a scarf croatta then shortened to croatta and therefore tie.
The utility aesthetics of tie is to hide the vertical strip of shirt buttons.
Types of ties
• Solid: they are characterized by a single color. An example is the classic black tie.
• Lines: Regimental often defined incorrectly (the name Regimental is actually ties prerogative characteristics of a specific regiment or club, convention widespread, especially in the English-speaking world), is characterized by a predominant color and oblique stripes of different colors.
• A dots: In this type, of a base color, have applied several dots.
• Fantasy: They can bring various designs, such as the famous places or objects, at the discretion of the designer.
• Trendy: They can bring fluorescent colors in general, such as’ “orange Fantini.”
Knotted tie the knot with simple (“four in hand”).
Were counted, and can effectively realize, up to 85 knots. Here are the main ones:
• Four-in-hand (four horses), four steps, the name derives from the London Club of the nineteenth century. It is the most widely used today.
• Half Windsor: six steps: it is a less dense version of Windsor.
• St. Andrew, seven steps, this particular node does protrude slightly from the neck tie before falling on his chest.
• Windsor: eight passes, it became popular in the ’30s when the Duke of Windsor began to prefer nodes rather bulky.
• Balthus: Nine steps, a really big knot, created by the homonymous surrealist painter of the twentieth century.
At the end of the nineties, two researchers, Thomas Fink and Yong Mao of Cambridge University’s Cavendish Laboratory, through mathematical models have shown that a conventional tie has exactly 85 possible nodes. In this way have also been discovered the new nodes, one of which has been renamed “node Fink”.
Piero Angela wrote in 1986:
“In your closet you will, probably, a silk tie donated for a birthday. In all likelihood it was manufactured in the Como area. In Como in fact are manufactured according to certain statistics, more than two-thirds of the ties of the world. Maybe then carry different labels, the designers more different, but that are manufactured in Como. Industrial activity very solid, with a great tradition behind it, a world market, apparently hardly scalzabile from the competition. »
(From Quark Economics, chap. III)
Signal ban on wearing neckties (DIN 4844-2).
• An Italian senator in the Senate can not get in without a tie. To challenge this rule, Senator Spurs wore neckties most unthinkable (with drawing of pigs, Texas leather and so on).
• Towards the end of July 2007, the Health Minister, Livia Turkish, issued a circular which exempted from the public and private employees wear a tie, because of the excessive heat.
• The use of the tie, similar to that of other garments and accessories can dangle, is dangerous during use of some machines, such as, for example, in offices, the shredder, because this garment can easily become caught in the rotating parts dragging the torso and the face of the operator against the machine itself and its dangerous parts. To this can be explicitly forbidden to wear ties in some environments, while performing some tasks or in the vicinity of the dangers of this kind.